Quick progress in running for the reduction of the size of components allowed the realization of micro structure more and smaller
Works on the materials and tools improvement also allowed a considerable development of technologies for the realization of these micro-components:
- their coating in nano metric layers
- their purity declined in ppb ppt,
- their physical structure,
- cristalline stœchiométrie
- nano particles
The design of the process and equipments allowed improvement of performances for the implementation of nano materials in the production pilot lines.
This miniaturization is agreed, concomitant of the impact growing by the micro contamination on yield and competitiveness of products.
Consequently, the concerned companies, according to their organization, were led to set up punctual or permanent structures determining impact on the products of the micro contamination and the actions which drive to the improvement of their yield therefore their competitiveness.
Taking into account the previous reports, companies, have to manage their performances and often call specialized consultants for it.